The Employment Equality Acts 1998 to 2015 lay down the fundamental principle of anti-discrimination in the Irish workplace. Since 1998 discrimination has been outlawed on nine grounds and enforcement has been strengthened through the Equality Tribunal. The Equality Act 2004 brought in a number of amendments and gave effect to:
Directive 2000/43/EC, implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin;
Directive 2000/78/EC, establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation;
Directive 2002/73/EC, amending Council Directive 76/207/EEC on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women as regards access to employment, vocational training and promotion, and working conditions.